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ακροπολη -Bella Vista Apartments
21 Mar

THE ACROPOLIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT ANCIENT MONUMENT

The word “Acropolis” means city by the edge, and there are many acropolises all over Greece. They were always situated on a high spot, and were often used as a place for shelter and defense against various enemies.  The one in Athens is the best known of them all, and is therefore often referred to as The Acropolis.
The acropolis is the most important ancient monument of the western world. The oldest findings date back to the Neolithic Age (3500 BC). It was originally the base of the local lord including all the palaces and the houses of the nobles built in it. It gradually acquired a religious character and the palaces were replaced by temples and sanctuaries. Around 570 BC the most sacred temple was erected, dedicated to Athena Polias. Unfortunately only the foundation and a few friezes and sculptures remained from this temple, which are all kept in the Museum of Acropolis. A series of findings indicate that in the position of Parthenon, the central temple of Acropolis, a big temple was originally built, the first Parthenon. The rock of the Acropolis was decorated with new sanctuaries, temples and sacrifices until September 480 BC, when the Persians intruded Athens and destroyed completely the holy place and ravaged anything valuable. The Athenians returned after the victory of Salamina the same year and reconstructed the rock of the Acropolis in the form we see it today between 450-420 BC, according to Pericles’ vision and the designs of Phidias.
The Parthenon, dedicated to the virgin goddess Athena (hence its name), was built in 447 BC by Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of Phidias. The latter designed and constructed the amazing decoration of the temple and the huge statue of Athena made of gold and ivory which were kept in the temple.
The temple is huge, combining Ionic and Doric elements, but the impressive architectural achievement is that it creates an impression of lightness as if it swings a few centimeters above the ground. This is achieved by the fact that it doesn’t have even one straight line (even if this appears as a straight line) and not even one common vertical line.
The columns slightly project inwards in the middle as they go up. If we could extend them upwards, they would form a triangle.

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